Scientifically Proven Differences Between Men And Women

While men and women might be very similar, there’s a lot that separates the two genders. From biological differences to natural impulses, it seems we’re less alike than we thought.

For years, people have debated whether men or women are better. However, it’s impossible for one gender to be superior over the other because there are so many things to take into consideration. You can’t make a decision based on stuff like speed, strength, or intelligence when there’s so much that differs between men and women.

Of course, there’s no reason to pit the two genders against each other in the first place. Being different is something to be celebrated, and the fact that men and women aren’t identical is a great thing. If we were all the same, life would get boring very quickly.

There’s so much that sets the two genders apart, and what’s great is that it’s all backed up by research. While some things are obviously impacted by environmental factors too, there’s a biological explanation that underpins everything. So, whether you’re talking about hearing ability, emotional expression, or even love at first sight, science can justify it all. Just remember that everyone’s different, so this research might not always apply to everyone.

Men are better at problem-solving

There’s no real gender difference between intelligence, with men and women equally capable of being smart. However, when it comes to problem-solving, it seems that males naturally have the upper hand.

That’s because a research study found that boys managed to solve conceptual math problems much quicker than girls.

They both reached the right solutions in the end, but males had the upper hand with speed. Why? Apparently, it was all to do with how they explained their answers. They used gestures and movements rather than words, a process that helped speed up the girls when they were taught it.

Women underestimate their abilities

Are you someone that views yourself as modest or confident when it comes to your ability.

According to science, women generally fall into the former category, while men are mostly in the latter. Supposedly, males have a tendency to overestimate their abilities, and that’s sometimes why they’re paid more.

A research study found that 7% of women involved asked to have a higher salary when they started their job, compared to 57% of men. The data suggests males are naturally more confident about their abilities, whether they’re good or not. Therefore, they have fewer qualms about demanding better pay compared to females.

Girls tend to prefer dolls over trucks

There’s a growing discussion about the concept of gendered toys and whether it can negatively affect a child’s development. While the issue is mostly a societal one, science has unearthed some interesting findings.

Surprisingly, even without environmental factors, boys are more likely to enjoy toys like trucks, while girls naturally gravitate towards dolls.

This was found in kids as young as nine months old, so there was no way they were influenced by the idea of gendered toys. Of course, this research doesn’t justify scolding a child just because they want to play with a toy that doesn’t ‘fit’ their gender.

Men have thicker retinas than women

While bodies largely function the same regardless of gender, there are some obvious biological differences between men and women. However, one thing we didn’t expect to vary was people’s eyes.

Apparently, men have thicker retinas than women, and that influences how they see things. Their eyes contain more M cells which are useful for tracking how objects move.

Women, on the other hand, have a higher prevalence of P cells. These are vital for identifying objects and understanding both their texture and color. So, even though males and females essentially see the same thing, what they focus on is actually different.

Women have better hearing than men

A person’s hearing typically diminishes over time, thanks to their body’s aging process. Unfortunately for men, it appears they’re already at a disadvantage on the hearing front form day one.

Research found that women have a greater collection of neurons in the language and hearing areas of their brain. 11% more, to be exact.

This means that females naturally have better hearing, although that’s not all. Apparently, they’re also capable of interpreting emotional tones in people’s voices better than men can. It’s no wonder that women are often referred to as being great listeners – they’re better suited to the job.

Men prefer friends they can compete against whereas women choose emotional support

Where would we be in life without friends by our side? They’re the people we lean on when we need cheering up, and they rarely fail to put a smile on our faces. Did you ever think about how you came to choose your friends, though?

It may well have happened naturally, but there’s a chance that preferences determined by your gender influenced it.

Apparently, women often buddy up with people who they believe can provide them with an emotional support network. Men, on the other hand, prefer to be friends with those who share their interests or who they can compete against.

Men appreciate stress whereas it turns a woman off

Stress does lots of weird things to people. Some thrive when they’re under pressure, while others fall apart.

Usually, this is something that’s dictated by your genetics, although gender can also come into play. Apparently, men appreciate stress more because it makes them aroused.

According to science, when a male feels tense and under pressure, he’ll fare better in the bedroom. Unfortunately, if the female he’s with is equally stressed, the experience probably won’t be that great. After all, women supposedly lose their desire to be touched when they feel this way. It’s all because of cortisol blocking oxytocin in the brain.

Men find it easier to lie than women

It’s never good when someone lies, especially if they’re doing it to hide bad behavior on their part. While both genders obviously conceal the truth, it seems that one is built to do it better than the other.

Men reportedly have fewer issues with telling lies, as evidenced by the lack of strain on their vocal cords.

A study found that males weren’t putting themselves through as much turmoil as females, a factor which allowed them to lie with ease. Obviously, how a person copes with lying depends on what they’re dishonest about, but at least we know where men stand.

Women find it easier to get out of bed than men

Waking up in the morning is incredibly tricky for most people, regardless of their gender.

However, it seems that males might have a harder job of getting themselves out of bed than their female counterparts. This has nothing to do with men being lazy, although we’re sure there are situations where this is the case.

Instead, it’s related to people’s body clocks. Supposedly, testosterone activity affects a boy’s clock cells when he goes through puberty, and this influences when he wants to sleep and wake up. It typically pushes things back an hour, meaning he tends to do everything later than girls.

Girls prefer staring at people’s faces whereas boys avoid eye contact

Given men and women see things differently because of their retinas, it’s perhaps no shock that people have preferences for what they look at when they’re infants.

While girls generally prefer to spend their time staring at people’s faces, boys will stick to watching the mobile above their crib.

This only increases as a child grows older, particularly for females. Apparently, a girl’s interest in facial gazing can reach as high as 400% in the early months of their life. This is a stark contrast to boys who don’t improve nearly as much when it comes to making eye contact.

Men reap the health benefits when being touched

There’s plenty of good that comes from being intimate with someone. As well as emotional benefits, it can also have a significant impact on your body.

Even things like a loving touch can significantly affect what happens inside a person, regardless of their gender.

Both men and women get a boost of oxytocin when this happens, as well as a reduction in their levels of cortisol. That’s not where the benefits end though, at least if you’re a man anyway. Apparently, this kind of intimacy can also lower a male’s blood pressure, so the closer he is with his other half, the better.

Girls respond better to music and music therapy than boys

Music is something that many people enjoy listening to. It doesn’t matter what you’re into because there’s a song for everyone out there. However, while a lot of us might appreciate music, it seems that not everyone responds to it in the same way.

If you weren’t aware of the healing effects it can have, then look no further than the study that was performed on premature children.

The research found that girls who had music therapy following birth were far better off than those who didn’t. They developed fewer complications and even got discharged quicker, something that boys didn’t experience.

Aggressive behavior

People can’t help getting angry. It’s natural to get fired up, and there’s nothing wrong with letting it out. Obviously, lashing out at people and breaking things isn’t a good idea, but bottling up your anger isn’t healthy either.

Of course, men and women tend to release their aggression in different ways, with men preferring to go down the physical route.

There’s a number of reasons for that, including the size of their amygdala and the side of it which is active. This is larger in males, and there’s typically more activity from the right side, which is responsible for taking physical action.

Boys like competitive and rough play whereas girls prefer caregiving

As well as having different preferences for friends and toys, boys and girls also seem to favor the way they play with people too. For instance, males will often be competitive when they play, and they have a tendency for rougher activity too.

Females, on the other hand, typically use these opportunities as a chance to build relationships and focus on caregiving.

While this isn’t set in stone, it’s natural to see boys and girls playing this way when they’re younger. It just appears to be how people’s brains are wired, with males getting a dopamine rush when their play involves dominance.

Men are quicker at complete spatial tasks than women

Everyone’s brains function differently, but there are certain similarities found in people of the same gender. One example of this is the ability to complete spatial tasks quickly.

This is something that males are more capable of doing over their female counterparts, although both are able to complete the assignment.

It doesn’t matter what age people are; it appears that men always have the upper hand on this one. Apparently, that’s related to the area of the brain which is used for this type of movement. In males, it runs on autopilot, whereas in females, it has to be activated first.

Women are more easily scared compared to men

If you’re a woman who’s ever been spooked watching a horror movie, there may be an explanation for your fear. It seems that females are apparently easier to startle than men according to science.

Women were found to have increased electrical conductivity in their bodies when scared, signifying a higher response to fear.

Combine that with a greater emotional response to the expectation of pain, and it appears that females definitely have a stronger fear factor. Of course, we can think of plenty of people who defy these findings. Evidently, not every woman is as terrified as science would have us believe.

Women prefer one night stands with intelligent men

While many people decide to be intimate with someone that they love, that’s not always the case. Plenty of people choose to get frisky with a stranger because they’re in the mood for something casual.

When that happens, it turns out women strive to find someone far more intelligent than they normally would.

A study discovered that both genders were happy to date a person of average intelligence. However, when it came to doing the dirty without romance, females were apparently more interested in smarter men. On the other hand, males were perfectly happy sleeping with someone with lower intelligence.

Men are more likely to fall in love at first sight than women

The idea of love at first sight is something that’s come up in many romance films. Most people refuse to believe that it’s possible to develop strong feelings for someone as soon as you meet them.

However, while it might not exist in the way the movies talk about, there is some element of truth to it.

What’s more, it appears men are likelier to fall head over heels for someone than women are. That’s because when a man is in love, the visual processing parts of his brain are more active. These are signaled as soon as he sees someone.

Women are better at emotional empathy whereas men are better at cognitive empathy

Empathy is an essential trait to have if you want to build healthy relationships with others. It allows you to relate to people on an emotional level and feel for them when they’re in a bad place.

Unfortunately, men and women’s brains differ when it comes to this trait.

Giving advice

While women empathize through the mirror neuron system, men do it through the temporal-parietal junction system. What’s the difference? The former is all about emotional empathy, while the latter focuses on cognitive empathy. That’s why men will often shut down if they can’t find a way to solve another person’s problem.

Men find it easier to block out sound than women

Do you ever feel like a man’s not listening to you? While it’s possibly because he’s intentionally ignoring you, males are known to naturally block out sound more than females.

This is related to interference from testosterone when they’re still a fetus. The hormone impacts their auditory system, making it easy for them to ignore repetitive sounds or unwanted noise.

A study in the Netherlands that tested people’s perceptions of music and white noise found that men were aware of the former but not the latter. Women, however, managed to interpret both. It looks like they drew the short straw here.

Women have a strong emotional reaction to crying babies compared to men

You might think that hearing a baby cry would impact its mother and father equally. After all, they’re both the child’s parents, so why wouldn’t it affect them.

However, research has shown that men and women’s brains respond differently when around a crying baby.

Mothers have a far stronger reaction, with the pain and emotion areas in their brains being affected by the sound. While this does happen in fathers, it’s not quite the same. It diminishes several weeks after the child is born, although it does return a few months later. However, it affects them in a different way at that point.

Women go through more changes in their body than men, making them harder to predict

Both men and women experience hormonal shifts during their lives. It’s a natural part of growing up and has a significant influence on people’s bodies.

However, males don’t experience anywhere near as much change as females. They only have a handful of substantial shifts in their lives, including when they become a father.

Women, on the other hand, experience these changes on a monthly basis. They go from having stimulated brain function because of estrogen to being irritable thanks to progesterone. The constant back and forth means it’s hard to know what to expect from a woman at any given time.

Men’s brains age quicker than women’s brains

Aging is something that most people try to avoid, but it’s an inevitable part of life. We all grow up eventually, and it’s better to embrace it than spend your time worrying about it.

Of course, that’s easier for women to do because they’re not the ones who draw the short straw here.

When people get older, they lose their gray matter, and that happens faster in males than in females. This can, unfortunately, lead to the onset of disorders like Parkinson’s. On top of this, men also lose a greater portion of their cortex, and at a quicker pace than women too.

Girls are far more likely to draw animals whereas boys go for action shots

If you were asked to draw something, what would you instinctively go for? Would you choose to focus on living things like animals or something with a bit more action?

According to research, girls are likely to pick the former while boys will go for the latter.

Obviously, this is mainly restricted to when people are kids, but the study still reveals a lot about gender differences. Not only do males and females prefer to draw these pictures, but they also tend to use different colors. Girls will use warm shades – and plenty of them too – while boys will prioritize cooler tones.

Men find it harder to pick up on subtle cues than women

People don’t always say what they mean, no matter how much you want them to. Whenever that happens, you have to pick up on subtle clues in their expression or tone of voice.

Unfortunately for men, that’s not always the easiest thing to do.

Apparently, females are able to recognize sadness on a person’s face 90% of the time, compared to just 40% with males. That’s probably why women cry around four times more often than men do. When tears are streaming down someone’s face, it’s hard to miss that they’re upset. There’s no need to worry about subtlety in those situations.

Both men and women have specific preferences when it comes to finding a mate

We all differ in what we find attractive. From physical aspects to things like intelligence, interests, and age, everyone has different things that they look for in a partner.

However, according to a study of 10,000 people, there are universal preferences that people have dependant on their gender.

When it comes to what men find attractive, they prefer women who are young and look symmetrical. This is a contrast to females who generally want a partner that’s a few inches taller, a little older, and who can provide money and security for their family. This isn’t true for everyone, though.

Men are more likely to suffer brain damage after a head injury than women

Of all the ways for men to differ from women, this is perhaps one of the most unfortunate. It turns out that when a person suffers a head injury, the effects can be worse for males because of the impact on brain cells.

Everyone has glutathione in their bodies, and this helps keep brain cells alive when they’re deprived of oxygen.

However, the level of this molecule drops by around 80% in men when they suffer a head injury. The loss of glutathione can significantly change a person’s life post-accident, with more males ending up permanently damage compared to women.

Women use landmarks to navigate whereas men use distance and cardinals

Not everyone can cope with being a navigator. They can’t make sense of a map, and they’ve no idea how to work things out using the world around them.

However, for those who know what they’re doing, it seems there are once again differences depending on gender.

It seems women are more likely to rely on landmarks to find their way from A to B, while men prefer to use distance and cardinals. This is all to do with the parts of the brain that they use for navigation. Women navigate via their cerebral cortex, while men do so with their hippocampus.

Women fear conflict compared to men who often receive a positive chemical boost

Conflict is one of those things in life that can’t be avoided. As much as you may always try to stay in people’s favor, you’re bound to rub someone up the wrong way eventually.

For men, that’s apparently not a big deal. After all, they often receive a positive chemical boost when competing with others.

It benefits them to be involved with conflict, unlike women who tend to have the opposite reaction. In these situations, their brains will release negative chemicals, leading them to experience feelings of sadness and fear. That’s why most women prefer to avoid confrontation with people.

Men are bigger risk-takers than women

If you ever wondered which gender was the biggest risk-taker, a couple of researchers in Missouri have supposedly found the answer.

They tested how kids reacted when faced with a collision situation while riding a stationary bike. The experience was completely simulated, but it highlighted that girls were quicker to brake than boys.

In the real world, that response could have meant the difference between surviving a crash and ending up under a car’s wheels. Not only were the male respondents slower to put on the brakes, but they also reported feelings of excitement when faced with the simulated collision.

Women are more upset by emotional cheating and men dislike physical cheating more

It’s never great when someone decides to go behind their other half’s back and be intimate with another person. They completely break the trust of their partnership and throw away everything they’ve worked hard for.

It’s almost always messy when the infidelity is revealed, although what people respond worse to apparently depends on their gender.

While men take great offense to their partner physically cheating on them, women are more angered by their other half emotionally cheating on them. While a male won’t automatically forgive an affair and a female won’t excuse a one-night stand, these aren’t what will upset them most.

Men are more hostile toward strangers whereas women are likely to be warmer

It’s normal to be apprehensive when you’re around a stranger. After all, most parents teach their kids not to automatically trust people they don’t know.

However, it seems that men are naturally more wary of unfamiliar faces than women are. That’s supposedly down to the release of vasopressin during puberty.

This chemical leads males to immediately view people they don’t know as unfriendly, and potentially even hostile. When females were given a dose of vasopressin, it didn’t have much of an effect on them. They still had a generally warmer response to neutral and unfamiliar faces than the males did.

Women experience more changes in their brain than men due to pregnancy

When it comes to flexibility, a person’s skill usually depends on how much training they put in at the gym. However, if we’re talking about mental flexibility, then it typically has more to do with whether someone’s male or female.

Women usually experience more upheaval with their brains, thanks to the changes caused by pregnancy.

When they’re expecting a child, their cortex grows bigger, while the rest of their brain shrinks. They don’t get dumber by any means, but their brains build new pathways to adapt to the shift. These changes revert to normal several months after the baby is born.

Men opt for teasing and direct orders as parents whereas women tend to be more nurturing

There’s no right way to be a parent (although there are certainly some wrong ways to do it). We all approach motherhood or fatherhood in a different way, and the variety is partly what helps children grow up to be so unique.

However, while there’s no one way to raise a child, it seems that people are more inclined to certain behaviors depending on their gender.

For instance, women typically try to be nurturing and encouraging in an effort to give their baby more stability. Men, meanwhile, tend to be more teasing and unpredictable, with a preference for giving direct orders.

Women find it easier to talk about their feelings than men

Women are often referred to as being more in-tune with their emotions than men, and there’s science to back that up. MRI scans found that when children are young, most of their negative emotions stem from the amygdala.

This is an area that has little connection to language and reasoning, hence why kids struggle to express their feelings verbally.

When girls grow up, their emotional activity moves to the cerebral cortex, and they start getting better at sharing their feelings. However, that change doesn’t happen in males, meaning they never have the proper wiring to talk about what they’re going through.